What is the importance of the mangroves?
This ecosystem is fundamental to maintain the environmental and animal balance of our planet. Knowing everything about mangroves.
As we said earlier when we talk about the mangroves we are referring to a type of ecosystem that occupies the area located near the river mouths of various fresh water courses, especially typical of the tropical latitudes of our planet.
The mangroves are composed, particularly, of shrubs and trees, whose adaptations make it possible for them to colonize flooded terrains.
Why are they important?
There are many factors that make the mangroves be of vital importance for our planet. Here are some of the key reasons.
First, the mangroves act as natural habitat for many juvenile species of fish, annelids, mollusks, echinoderms, and crustaceans.
Once their young stage ends within these ecosystems, these species go to inhabit the meadows of Phanerogams, coastal lagoons, marshes and other types of continental freshwater.
Another of the fundamental features that we cannot fail to mention about mangroves is that they act as a kind of lung of our environment because they use carbon dioxide from the air while emitting oxygen that humans and other animals need to live.
The mangroves are an excellent guarantee of water quality and purity, given that they act as filters for sediments and nutrients.
On the other hand, mangroves protect our subsistence environment, because they protect the earth from the erosion of the coasts produced by waves and tides.
Furthermore, they constitute a high barrier that protects the earth from wind erosion, even during periods of heavy storms.
Mangroves also perform as a guarantor of the continuity of many species of fish because they act as an area for mating, breeding and feeding a wide variety of species.
Undoubtedly, mangroves are an area for the preservation of many species.
The economic importance of the mangroves
In addition to the benefits mentioned before, the mangroves generate significant economic benefits to human activity.
They act as necessary palliatives of the effects of climate change, due, on the one hand, to the fact that they are great fixers of CO2 while being able to immobilize large amounts of sediments that are rich in organic matter.
Furthermore, this mechanism makes mangroves capable of trapping different types of contaminants.
In climate change contexts, floods are more frequent, generating substantial social and economic problems in the world.
Because of their great capacity as regulators of rainwater flows, the mangroves help to reduce floods actively.
For all of the above mentioned and many more benefits, the care and protection of mangroves should be fostered.